sábado, Dezembro 29, 2007

CLÁSSICOS POLÍTICOS DO SÉCULO PASSADO

E.H.Carr(1892-1982)
Arthur Koestler(1905-1983)


Na edição de hoje do WSJ, Ernest Lefever recorda alguns dos clássicos da política do século XX. Eis alguns:

1. The Twenty Years' Crisis: 1919-1939
By E.H. Carr
Macmillan, 1939

Published in 1939 just before Hitler invaded Poland, "The Twenty Years' Crisis: 1919-1939" was one of the first modern books on world politics in the classic tradition of Thucydides and Machiavelli. During the long weekend between the two world wars, says British scholar E.H. Carr (1892-1982), there was in the English-speaking world an almost "total neglect of the factor of power." Like Reinhold Niebuhr, whom he often quotes, Carr believes that a balance of power among states is the starting point in foreign policy but that morality is an essential consideration. Utopian "superstructures such as the League of Nations," he said, were not the answer. Carr's critics point to his early pro-Nazi stance and his muddled thinking about communist Russia. He once wrote that "the Russian Revolution gave me a sense of history" and it "turned me into a historian." That said, this book remains a seminal work on the realism that instructed U.S. and British Cold War statesmen.

2. Darkness at Noon
By Arthur Koestler
Macmillan, 1941

Born into a learned Jewish family in Budapest, Arthur Koestler (1905-83) was educated in pre-Nazi Germany. He became a Communist, served as a journalist in the Spanish Civil War and later visited the Soviet Union -- experiences that led him to conclude that both fascism and Marxism were evil political religions. Fluent in five languages, he wrote the novel "Darkness at Noon," one of the 20th century's most stirring anticommunist works, in English. He said that his characters in "Darkness at Noon" were fictitious but that "their actions are real," a composite of Stalin's "so-called Moscow Trials" and its victims, several of whom he knew personally. This intimacy with real victims enabled Koestler to make vivid the torture, brainwashing and forced confessions of uncommitted crimes. With consummate skill he underscored the vital moral issues of the Cold War, indeed of the human d

2 Comentários:

Blogger Francisco Múrias disse...

Meu caro Dr Jaime Nogueira Pinto o o método explicado pelo Koestler e tornar culpado qualquer inocente fazendo com que cada um de nos em nome de supostos valores mais altos se considere culpado por discordar da politica revolucionaria. O grande erro de quase todos os revolucionarios foi querer impor as medidas revolucionarias todas de uma so vez.

Os novos revolucionarios querem impo-las as prestaçoes

Hoje no Sol um alto responsavel da administraçao publica portuguesa aconselha a quem nao esteja de acordo com a politica revolucionaria a emigrar.

E necessario combater estes novos estalinistas

sábado, Dezembro 29, 2007 8:43:00 da tarde  
Blogger Diogo disse...

A Little Bit of History:

The Rothschilds, through Milner, planned the Russian Revolution, and along with Schiff (who gave $20 million), Sir George Buchanan, the Warburgs, the Rockefellers, the partners of J. P. Morgan (who gave at least $1 million), Olaf Aschberg (of the Nye Bank of Stockholm, Sweden), the Rhine Westphalian Syndicate, a financier named Jovotovsky (whose daughter later married Leon Trotsky), William Boyce Thompson (a director of Chase National Bank, who contributed $1 million), and Albert H. Wiggin (President of Chase National Bank), helped finance it.

The Rockefellers had given their financial support after the Czar refused to give them access to the Russian oil fields, which was already being pumped by the Royal Dutch Co. (owned by the Rothschilds and the Nobel brothers), who was giving Standard Oil plenty of competition on the international market. Even though John D. Rockefeller possessed $15,000,000 in bonds from the Royal Dutch Co. and Shell, rather than purchase stock to get his foot in the door and indirectly profit, he helped to finance the Revolution so that he would be able to get Standard Oil firmly established in the country of Russia.



Múrias, you moron!
.

sábado, Dezembro 29, 2007 10:46:00 da tarde  

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